Pagina Principala | Sanatate | Ciocolata - scurt istoric al ciocolatei

Ciocolata - scurt istoric al ciocolatei

Marime caractere: Decrease font Enlarge font
Ciocolata - scurt istoric al ciocolatei

Arborele de cacao a fost descoperit in urma cu mai bine de 2000 de ani in padurile tropicale din continentul american. Pastaile acestui tip de arbore contin seminte ce sunt procesate pentru a obtine pudra de cacao. Aceasta este folosita in producerea ciocolatei.

Istoria ciocolatei incepe inca din 250-900 I.H., cand maiasii utilizau arborii de cacao, pe care i-au adus din padurile tropicale, pentru a-i cultiva. Ei recoltau, fermentau, prajeau si macinau semintele de cacao pentru a le transforma intr-o pasta. Aceasta pasta era amestecata cu apa, ardei iuti si faina de porumb pentru a crea o bautura spumoasa si condimentata, de ciocolata.
In cultura Maya, populatia avea dreptul sa bea ciocolata doar la ocazii; in rest, acesta bautura era destinata folosirii doar de catre regi. Insa, in cultura Azteca, doar preotii, militarii decorati, conducatorii si comerciantii foarte instariti aveau dreptul sa utilizeze aceasta licoare regala.

Totodata, ciocolata a reprezentat un element foarte important al spiritualitatii acestor doua culturi, maiasa si azteca. Boabele de cacao erau oferite de catre marii preoti drept ofrande pentru zei, iar in timpul ceremoniilor religioase era servita bautura de ciocolata.

Boabele de cacao au ajuns pentru prima data in Europa in anul 1521, atunci cand Mexicul a fost cucerit de catre spanioli. Deoarece a devenit, in timp, un produs de export foarte scump, ciocolata a mai ramas inca 300 de ani de atunci bautura celor bogati.
Cand au adus ciocolata in tara, spaniolii au inceput sa-i modifice compozitia. Prin incercarea lor de a scapa de gustul puternic amar, acestia au adaugat scortisoara si zahar bauturii. Ciocolata indulcita a devenit in scurt timp cel mai mare capriciu al continentului.

Spaniolii au tinut inca 100 de ani secretul ciocolatei, din momentul cand au adus-o in tara lor. Cand a reusit sa ajunga in toata Europa, ciocolata a devenit produs de lux. In Franta, datorita costului foarte ridicat al importului de zahar si cacao, ciocolata era interzisa, fiind consumata doar la curtea regelui.

Dezvoltarea exportului de cacao a produs schimbari diferite pe continente diferite. Daca in Europa capetele incoronate comandau noi tipuri de seturi de portelan si argint, special concepute pentru a bea ciocolata, in America Latina deja erau create colonii de sclavi pentru a munci plantatiile de arbori de cacao.ciocolatascurtistoric21_120

Din anul 1800, odata cu dezvoltarea tehnologiei si cu Revolutia Industriala, procesul de producere al ciocolatei a suferit schimbari majore. Inventarea de masini industriale pentru macinat boabele de cacao si pentru crearea amestecului de ciocolata a facut ca acest produs sa nu mai fie consumat doar in stare lichida, ci si in cea solida, sub forma de tablete.

Dezvoltatea tehnologica nu a adus insa si modificari in procesul de crestere si recoltare a boabelor de cacao. Chiar si in prezent se folosesc exact aceleasi proceduri ca acum 2000 de ani. Boabele de cacao sunt recoltate, fermentate, uscate, curatate si macinate, actiuni desfasurate in mare parte manual.

In prezent, ciocolata este produsa in milioane de forme si sortimente. Ceea ce a inceput prin a fi o bautura iute si amara folosita in procesiuni religioase a ajuns cel mai iubit produs dulce din lume.
Adauga articol la : Add to your del.icio.us del.icio.us | Digg this story Digg

Aboneaza-la feed-ul de comentarii Comentarii (17 adaugat):

Mari in 02/12/2008 10:37:56
avatar
Dragele mele doamne,
Intre multe altele sunt si eu la fel ca si voi, o mare iubitoare de ciocolata, dar care, asemeni oricarei femei, imi fac griji cu privire la impactul acesteia asupra siluetei noastre. Asa ca m-am gandit cum as putea sa combin placerea degustarii ciocolatei cu mentinerea unei siluete de invidiat. In urma consultarii cu o serie de experti nutritionisti am ajuns la concluzia ca a manca ciocolata nu mai poate reprezenta o problema pentru noi. din contra, este chiar recomadat consumul unei cantitati rezonabile (maxim 2 patratele) de ciocolata (de preferat neagra intrucat are mai putin zahar) pe zi. M-am gandit ca ar fi mai util pentru noi sa strang aceste sfaturi si sa le public pe un blog. Aici veti gasi sfaturi de la nutritionisti, de la alte femei care sunt ca si noi iubitoare de ciocolata dar si de la oameni care au o experienta in acest domeniu. Tot aici va voi da posibilitatea de a va exprima parerile si de a impartasi cu noi din experientele voastre. Blogul va fi gata dupa Sarbatori.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
SlavaZdr in 29/09/2017 00:07:40
avatar
My friend and I went camping the other day. It was a very bad experience, as he wouldn't let me sleep all night. He kept talking about random stuff and whined about his anxiety. I totally told him to <a href=http://www.greenbookblog.org/other/market/comprar-modafinil-online>link</a> and deal with it.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AllenKbs in 29/09/2017 04:45:58
avatar
My friend and I went camping the other day. It was a tiring experience, as he wouldn't let me sleep all night. He kept talking about random things and cried about his anxiety. I totally told him to <a href=http://www.tobefast.com/ebay/diazepam-mechanism>link</a> and deal with it.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
SlavaQfr in 06/10/2017 04:04:30
avatar
Oh Heavens. I don't know what to do as I have tons of work to do next week month. Plus the university exams are coming, it will be a stretch. I am already freaking out maybe I should <a href=http://firmgains.com/drugs/ambien-withdrawl>interaction</a> to calm down a little bit. Hopefully it will all go well. Wish me luck.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AlysonHwz in 09/10/2017 00:01:06
avatar
Hey all! Lately I have been dealing with a lot of hardships. Friends and doctors keep telling me I should consider taking pills, so I may as well <a href=https://www.snowdonrailway.co.uk/phpunit/tramal-100mg>here</a> and see how it goes. Problem is, I haven't taken it for a while, and don't wanna get back to it, we'll see how it goes.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AlysonHtj in 11/10/2017 13:29:13
avatar
http://www.4mark.net/story/312275/canadarxcenter.com
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AlysonDyq in 18/10/2017 14:45:06
avatar
http://rxcentre24com.inube.com/blog/6280560/rxcentre24-com/
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
MIABob in 18/10/2017 18:24:06
avatar
https://youtu.be/qQPVJEyPKH8
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
BethanyEub in 21/10/2017 04:00:28
avatar
Hi everyone! Lately I have been fighting with a lot of hardships. Friends and doctors keep telling me I should consider taking meds, so I may as well <a href=http://m.foghop.com/profile/windyproud>site</a> and see how it goes. Problem is, I haven't taken it for a while, and don't wanna get back to it, we'll see how it goes.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AlysonNht in 21/10/2017 22:15:12
avatar
http://hurtingishealing.net/index.php?qa=738&qa_1=which-is-the-best-website-relating-to-buy-xanax-online
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
MIADrh in 22/10/2017 23:35:54
avatar
http://shah-soft.com/arcade/profile/kristoferwe.html
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AlysonCvl in 25/10/2017 13:13:02
avatar
https://www.kiwibox.com/RaymondLindsay/blog/
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
BethanyMqs in 27/10/2017 01:47:31
avatar
Oh Heavens. I don't know what to do as I have loads of work to do next week semester. Plus the university exams are close, it will be a stretch. I am already freaking out maybe I should <a href=http://freegameshd.com/index.php?task=profile&id=217758>Contact</a> to calm down a little bit. Hopefully it will all go well. Wish me luck.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
AlysonEpy in 29/10/2017 13:06:41
avatar
https://www.flickr.com/photos/153842732@N04/37289307910
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
BethanyQaj in 30/10/2017 03:26:34
avatar
My friend and I went camping the other day. It was a very bad experience, as he wouldn't let me sleep all night. He kept talking about random subjects and complained about his wakefulness. I totally told him to <a href=http://m.foghop.com/profile/dinobrumby8>link</a> and deal with it.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
ElvaSue in 15/11/2017 05:39:00
avatar
Hey guys!!!
designs and builds specialty lines of lead oxide production equipment, material handling systems, battery related process machinery, parts, and accessories for the battery, pigment, glass, and chemical industries. http://techbasys.com offers technical application and engineering services to help the customer acheive maximum benefit from their equipment and manufacturing processes.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
BethanyLar in 15/11/2017 16:11:47
avatar
Oh God. I don't know what to do as I have a lot of of work to do next week month. Plus the university exams are approaching, it will be a stretch. I am already being anxious maybe I should <a href=http://tinypic.com/useralbum.php?ua=xDroBU9Q%2BPRys4dxn7WJcIh4l5k2TGxc&as=new>website</a> to calm down a little bit. Hopefully it will all go well. Wish me luck.
Imi place comentariul Nu imi place comentariul
0
total: 17 | afisate: 1 - 17

Adauga comentariul tau comment

Te rugam sa introduci codul din imagine:

  • email Trimite la un prieten
  • print Printeaza articol
Cuvinte articole
Nu sunt cuvinte adaugate pentru acest articol
Da o nota la articol
5.00